This is high time to come out of the shells and talk about menstrual health and hygiene. We need to know about menstrual health irrespective of our gender.Transformation of a caterpillar into a butterfly is an intriguing process. In a very same way, every innocent girl transforms into a beautiful woman. In this process of transformation every girl had to go through some mental, physical and psychological changes. Not just women but men also go through some changes at the very same period of time and that time period is called puberty or adolescent. This is when all the girls and boys go through some physical changes in their bodies leading their path towards adulthood. The time period from when changes starts taking place may vary from person to person. Some of those changes include:
These changes are the signs that those children are turning adult and gaining the ability to reproduce. Menstruation is one of those changes in women that plays a very important role in reproduction. So first of all what is menstruation and how it works?
What is menstruation?
Also known as periods or menstrual cycle is a time when blood and mucus is discharged through vagina. This happens when egg isn’t fertilized resulting in the breaking of menstrual lining which breaks and sheds through vagina. Menstruations starts between the age of 12 to 15 years.
Menstrual cycle consists of 4 phases:
Menstrual phase: This is the first phase of menstrual cycle when women bleed from 3 to 7 days.
Follicular phase: Starting from the first day of period till the ovulation phase i.e. from 10 to 22 days.
Ovulation phase: It’s the time when ovary releases a mature egg to be fertilized by sperm. It is the peak time for women to get pregnant.
Luteal phase: After the release of the egg the follicle changes into corpus luteum leading to increase in progesterone levels which thickens the uterine lining and prepares it for the implantation of the fertilized egg. But when pregnancy doesn’t takes place the corpus luteum shrinks leading to decreased levels of estrogen and progesterone that leads to menstruation.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MENSTRUATION?
All other symptoms except bleeding are part of premenstrual syndrome therefore these symptoms may vary from person to person.
What are the things you should do?
Track your cycle: Note down the dates from when your cycle starts and ends. Also note down the symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome you go through.
Avoid excess salt: While menstruating women’s experience dehydration therefore it’s better to avoid salt because it is dehydrating.
Avoid caffeine: Intake of caffeine may increase the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome hence it is better to avoid caffeine during your periods.
Use protection while have sex: There are more chances of contracting STDs while menstruating as blood borne diseases are easily transmittable.
Say no to cleansers with fragrances: Cleansers with fragrances may cause irritation leading to an infection so it’s better to avoid fragrant cleansers.
Take immediate medication: Most women are prejudiced that women should not take medicines while menstruating but that is not true if you are suffering from pain take immediate medication without any second thought and if the pain is severe do consult your gynecologist.
Exercise: Women feel tired and exhausted in this time period and therefore it seems hard to exercise but doing exercise for few minutes may not only improve your stamina but also relax your muscles which lessen the abdominal and other pains.
Change your sanitary pad: Change your sanitary pads or tampons from time to time as using them for a long time may cause yeast infection and lead to other serious problems.
Stop taking your menstrual health lightly. Take proper measures and stay away from infections and diseases. Being a woman doesn’t mean you have to suffer rather consult your gynecologist for proper guidance regarding your menstrual health. Dysmenorrhea and Menorrhagia these are two basic problems that menstruating women face. Dysmenorrhea commonly known as period cramps is a pelvic pain that could easily be seen in most women. Menorrhagia is when a woman is heavily bleeding for more than 7 days. With the advice of your doctor you can take Ze spas (zero spasm) that is an anti-spasmodic pain killer which gives instant relief and other one is revici-e by Kee pharma that stops any kind of bleeding instantly. Kee Pharma, one of the finest pharmaceutical company known for its highest quality of product that are cost effective also.